The services offered by a university counseling center such as UNO Counseling Services (UNOCS) are somewhat different from those available from school counselors in typical K-12 settings. First and foremost, most students in K-12 settings are minors (below age 18) and, in Louisiana, except under very specific circumstances, minors cannot receive mental health counseling without parental consent. In a university setting, most students are adults (as defined by law) who can consent to confidential mental health counseling. When a university student has mental health concerns, he/she can choose to seek and consent to receive mental health services. Also, unlike school counselors, UNOCS staff cannot seek out (or directly solicit) students by inviting or encouraging them to seek mental health counseling. Second, students in K-12 settings often are able to "drop-in" to speak to a school counselor "just to talk" or possibly to de-escalate when highly distressed. Apart from mental health emergencies (e.g., suicidal or seriously impaired students), UNOCS sees students by appointment. In a K-12 setting, while a school counselor may meet regularly with a student to address concerns which impact the student’s academic and social functioning, and general well-being, if a school counselor is concerned a student may have a mental health issue warranting formal assessment and treatment, the counselor will typically refer the student for clinical mental health assessment and related services. In contrast to school counseling as described, UNOCS provides clinical mental health services, specifically, problem assessment and short-term mental health counseling for concerns which can reasonably be addressed within a limited number of sessions. Students seeking services at UNOCS are first scheduled for an assessment session during which a counselor will conduct a thorough assessment of the student's presenting concerns and history, and identify the student’s goals for counseling. This information is used to make treatment recommendations. If the counselor believes the student's concerns can be addressed in short-term counseling such as is offered at UNOCS, the counselor will work with the student to identify specific, time-limited treatment goals and develop a treatment plan specifically related to these goals. If, based on clinical judgment, the counselor determines that the student's concerns and/or counseling goals are beyond the scope of services offered at UNOCS or if the student desires ongoing treatment without session limits, referrals will be provided. The primary goal of UNOCS staff is to assist students with identifying the appropriate resources and services needed to address their mental health concerns.