Sociology

SOC 1051             Introductory Sociology                                                  3 cr.
Offered each semester. A first course in the study of human beings in society using basic concepts and methods of sociology. Topics include the influences of social groups on individuals' attitudes and behaviors, stability and change in the family, and social inequality.

SOC 2098             Special Topics in Sociology                                                                          3 cr.
A theoretical and methodological examination of selected sociological topics with emphasis on current trends and tendencies in modern societies. This course may be repeated once for credit.

SOC 2273             Society and the Person                                                                 3 cr.
A review of the relationships between society and the person. The social conditioning of the individual through infancy, childhood, and adult life and the reciprocal influences of the person in society are the essence of the course.

SOC 2707             Social Statistics I                                                                                              4 cr.
Offered each semester. A study of descriptive and inferential statistics employed in social science research including measures of central tendency and variation, rates, graphing techniques, measures of association, tests of significance, and regression. Laboratory meetings also cover introduction to computer usage, spread sheets, and PC-based statistics programs.  Successful completion of SOC 2707 and 2708 meets the general degree requirement for computer literacy. Three hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory.

SOC 2708             Methods in Social Research                                                                        3 cr.
Offered each semester. A comprehensive examination of the logic and applications of the scientific method in the social sciences. Topics include survey, evaluation, experiment, existing sources, and field research. In addition, the student is introduced to computer usage, including work processing and data analysis with a statistics package on a main frame computer. Successful completion of Sociology 2707 and 2708 meets the general degree requirement for computer literacy.

SOC 2871             The Environment as a Social Problem                                                                    3 cr.
Examines environmental hazards and depletion of natural resources as important social problems confronting contemporary society. Alternative understandings of the seriousness and probable causes of a number of environmental problems, such as air pollution, toxic contamination, loss of wetlands, and species extinction, are explored.

SOC 2881             The City                                               3 cr.
A comparative study of cities and social groups and processes in the urban environment.

SOC 2962             Current Social Problems                                               3 cr.
A study of contemporary social problems and their consequences for humankind with emphasis on American society. Topics include crime, drug abuse, family problems, inequality, mental illness, population problems, and suicide.

SOC 2994             Multiculturalism and Diversity in U.S. Society                                                   3 cr.
U.S. society has been settled by immigrants from all over the world.  In addition, such constitutional protections as freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of association create legal protections for diversity.The present course uses sociological concepts and theories to analyze diversity and multiculturalism is U.S. society.  It identifies circumstances which tend to give rise to tolerance or repression, assimilation or separation, respect or condemnation.  It addresses both the problems diversity generates, as well as the potential it has to enrich our lives.

SOC 3091             Independent Work                                                         1 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Readings, conferences, and research reports under the direction of a member of the sociology faculty. In no case may a student register for SOC 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3092             Independent Work                                                                         1 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Readings, conferences, and research reports under the direction of a member of the sociology faculty. In no case may a student register for SOC 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3093             Independent Work                                                                         1 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Readings, conferences, and research reports under the direction of a member of the sociology faculty. In no case may a student register for SOC 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3094             Independent Field Research in Sociology                                                  3 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Practical applications of data collection methods in natural settings; observation, participant-observation and field experimentation; emphasis on implementing research methods in the community. In no case may a student register for Sociology 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3095             Independent Field Research in Sociology                                                     3 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Practical applications of data collection methods in natural settings; observation, participant-observation and field experimentation; emphasis on implementing research methods in the community. In no case may a student register for Sociology 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3096             Internship in Sociology                                                                         3 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisites: Sociology 2707, 2708 or consent of department. The sociology intern is placed in a city, parish, or state government agency or office in the metropolitan area to learn about the applicability of the sociological perspective and methodology to applied endeavors in government. Interns usually work eight hours a week at times mutually agreeable to the individual and the agency. In addition, students must meet regularly with the faculty adviser and the student's work must be evaluated by both the supervisor and adviser. In no case may a student register for Sociology 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3097             Internship in Sociology                                                                                                 3 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisites: Sociology 2707, 2708 or consent of department. The sociology intern is placed in a city, parish, or state government agency or office in the metropolitan area to learn about the applicability of the sociological perspective and methodology to applied endeavors in government. Interns usually work eight hours a week at times mutually agreeable to the individual and the agency. In addition, students must meet regularly with the faculty adviser and the student's work must be evaluated by both the supervisor and adviser. In no case may a student register for Sociology 3091-3097 for a total of more than nine hours, nor may a student apply more than six hours of sociology courses numbered 3091-3097 toward the hours required for the major in sociology.

SOC 3099             Senior Honors Thesis                                                     3 cr.
Prerequisites: consent of department and director of the Honors Program. Directed research leading to the writing of a Senior Honors Thesis. This course must be repeated once in order to graduate With Honors in Sociology. The sociology honors program requires six hours of honors thesis in addition to all other requirements.

SOC 4070             Special Topics in Women, Literature, and Society                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite for ENGL 5070/WGS 5070/SOC 5070: consent of department. (WGS/WS 4070, ENGL 4070 and SOC 4070 are cross-listed)  Prerequisite: ENGL 2378. A team-taught, interdisciplinary study of women in literature and society. Variable topics include women and crime, women and work, women and the family, women and religion. Can be taken 2 times for a maximum of 6 credit hours.

SOC 4080             Perspectives on Women, Gender, & Sexuality                                              3 cr.
This course examines an array of theoretical perspectives on gender relations and sexual identities. Particular emphasis will be given to the diversity of women's voices and to the intersections of gender, class, race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.

SOC 4086             Sociological Theory                                                                                                        3 cr.
A systematic inquiry into the origins of modern sociological thought, with emphasis on major concepts and theoretical perspectives. Offered each semester.

SOC 4094             Social Change                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 1051 or equivalent or consent of the instructor. A comparative study of theories and processes of social change, with emphasis on modernization, economic development, and revolution.

SOC 4098             Selected Topics in Sociology                                                                      3 cr.
Selected problems of sociological research and theory with emphasis on trends and tendencies in modern society. This course may be repeated once for credit.

SOC 4101             Social Organization                                         3 cr.
The structure and functioning of social groups and institutions, emphasizing American society.

SOC 4103             Racial Issues                                      3 cr.
Prerequisite:  Soc 1051 or consent of department.  This course introduces students to the sociology of race and ethnicity.  It examines the history of race in the West through an analysis of institutional discourse and policy.  It also explores current racial issues.

SOC 4104             The Family                                                          3 cr.
An analysis of the family in social context, with emphasis on the ways in which communities and societies promote stability and change in families. Patterns of interaction among family members are also explored, together with the impact of family life on the individual's social development.

SOC 4107             Sociology of Gender                                                      3 cr.
Prerequisites: six hours in sociology. This course examines issues of gender for men and women in society through a range of theoretically defined topics. Topics covered include the intersections of gender with race/ethnicity, class, and sexual orientation; gender role socialization, childbearing, reproductive rights, and parenting. Also included are units on gender and health, intimacy, and friendship. These topics are examined in terms of the social, economic, and political bases for gender differences.

SOC 4113             Sociology of Aging and Death                                                                    3 cr.
An examination of the personal, interpersonal, and cultural dimensions of aging, together with an appraisal of the meaning and consequences of death in America. While the emphasis is contemporary, some historical and cross-cultural materials are also used. Attention is drawn to personal and societal needs associated with aging and death.

SOC 4124             Social Stratification                                                                        3 cr.
A study of classes, status groups, castes, and social mobility.

SOC 4150             Sociology of Popular Culture                                                                      3 cr.
The course provides a survey of the sociology of culture, with a focus on popular culture. The emphasis is on theoretical approaches to the relationship of culture and society, the process of cultural production, and the reception of culture. The substantive focus includes the variety of meanings of film, rock music, and sport.

SOC 4180             Women and Work                                                                          3 cr.
Topics include an overview of the status of women, market work, including labor force participation, wages and wage discrimination, occupational segregation, equal pay for work of comparable worth, and domestic work.

SOC 4216             Advanced Social Psychology       3 cr.
Current theoretical and research problems in social psychology from a sociological perspective. Review of traditional areas such as socialization, perception, role attitudes, and group dynamics. Emphasis on new developments in socio- and psycho-linguistics, information theory, participation, observation, and experimental methods.

SOC 4219             Social Deviance                                                                                                           3 cr.
Prerequisite: six hours in sociology. A survey of theory and research on the violation of social norms and laws. Primary emphasis is on social phenomena influencing conformity and deviance, together with institutional responses to individual and group deviance.

SOC 4788             Social Statistics II                                                             3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 2707 or equivalent. An exploration of intermediate level multivariate statistical techniques for analyzing sociological and other social science data. Topics include analysis of variance and co-variance, correlation, regression analysis, causal models and specialized topics in multivariate statistical methods.

SOC 4871             Sociology of the Environment                                                                   3 cr.
In-depth examination of the social dimensions of one to several environmental issues of contemporary relevance. Examples of the kinds of topics which will be covered include: biodiversity and species preservation; comparative cultural beliefs and values about the environment; conservation of wilderness areas and other environmental amenities; renewable energy and resource supplies; risk management; sustainable development; and technological controversies. The examined topics will be used as a venue through which to introduce students to an array of sociological concepts and theories about the human society-environmental interface.

SOC 4875             Sociology of Disaster                                                                     3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 1051 or consent of the instructor. The course focuses on sociological analysis of disasters of various origins in societies across the globe. It will examine how population characteristics, patterns of settlements, social structure, social inequality, socio-cultural systems, and the biophysical landscape influence how people face disasters, how they respond and cope, and the ways in which they recover. Specific emphasis is placed on group and community differences in resiliency; the question as to why certain groups or communities are able to withstand the shocks of disasters with quick recovery while others are unable to recover will be addressed. Furthermore, how disasters engender rapid social change will be explored.

SOC 4881             The Urban Community                                                                                                  3 cr.
An analysis of the major subcommunities and subcultures to be found in any large urban complex. Special attention will be given to neighborhoods, ethnic and racial groups, suburbs, and religious and occupational subcultures.

SOC 4882             Urban Issues: Planning and Social Policy                                                     3 cr.
This course will deal with theory, policy, and methods in urban planning. It will also focus on special issues of contemporary problems, such as housing, urban renewal, and regional government.

SOC 4903             Population Issues and Dynamics                                                                              3 cr.
An examination of social demography, with emphasis on the development of the theories and methods used to examine transitions in fertility, mortality, and migration, and their impact on population growth, distribution, and composition.  Other foci include the debates regarding the relationship between population growth and economic development, resource depletion, and environmental degradation, and the policy implications of the various positions taken.

SOC 4911             Drugs and Society                                            3 cr.
This course approaches the subject of drugs from a multidisciplinary perspective, with attention given to the biological, psychological, sociological, and educational implications of drug use and abuse in American society. Special concern will be given to the analysis of the values as they relate to the development and elaboration of subcultures and countercultures whose lifestyles reflect the use of and/or dependency upon drugs.

SOC 4921             Criminology                                       3 cr.
An analysis of causes, consequences, and control of crime in American society. Special attention is given to the theoretical explanations of crime and the special methodological problems in studying criminal behavior.

SOC 4954             Juvenile Delinquency                                                    3 cr.
An examination of the theoretical approaches to juvenile delinquency, alternative treatment programs, and the juvenile justice system, with primary focus on modern American society.

SOC 5070             Special Topics in Women, Literature, and Society                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite for ENGL 5070/WGS 5070/SOC 5070: consent of department. (WGS/WS 4070, ENGL 4070 and SOC 4070 are cross-listed)  Prerequisite: ENGL 2378. A team-taught, interdisciplinary study of women in literature and society. Variable topics include women and crime, women and work, women and the family, women and religion. Can be taken 2 times for a maximum of 6 credit hours.

SOC 5080             Perspectives on Women, Gender, & Sexuality                                            3 cr.
This course examines an array of theoretical perspectives on gender relations and sexual identities. Particular emphasis will be given to the diversity of women's voices and to the intersections of gender, class, race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.

SOC 5086             Sociological Theory                                                                        3 cr.
A systematic inquiry into the origins of modern sociological thought, with emphasis on major concepts and theoretical perspectives. Offered each semester.

SOC 5094             Social Change                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 1051 or equivalent or consent of the instructor. A comparative study of theories and processes of social change, with emphasis on modernization, economic development, and revolution.

SOC 5098             Selected Topics in Sociology                                                                      3 cr.
Selected problems of sociological research and theory with emphasis on trends and tendencies in modern society. This course may be repeated once for credit.

SOC 5101             Social Organization         3 cr.
The structure and functioning of social groups and institutions, emphasizing American society.

SOC 5103             Racial Issues                                                                                                      3 cr.
Prerequisite:  Soc 1051 or consent of department.  This course introduces students to the sociology of race and ethnicity.  It examines the history of race in the West through an analysis of institutional discourse and policy.  It also explores current racial issues.

SOC 5104             The Family                                                          3 cr.
An analysis of the family in social context, with emphasis on the ways in which communities and societies promote stability and change in families. Patterns of interaction among family members are also explored, together with the impact of family life on the individual's social development.

SOC 5107             Sociology of Gender                                                                      3 cr.
Prerequisites: six hours in sociology. This course examines issues of gender for men and women in society through a range of theoretically defined topics. Topics covered include the intersections of gender with race/ethnicity, class, and sexual orientation; gender role socialization, childbearing, reproductive rights, and parenting. Also included are units on gender and health, intimacy, and friendship. These topics are examined in terms of the social, economic, and political bases for gender differences.

SOC 5113             Sociology of Aging and Death                                                                    3 cr.
An examination of the personal, interpersonal, and cultural dimensions of aging, together with an appraisal of the meaning and consequences of death in America. While the emphasis is contemporary, some historical and cross-cultural materials are also used. Attention is drawn to personal and societal needs associated with aging and death.

SOC 5124             Social Stratification                                                                                          3 cr.
A study of classes, status groups, castes, and social mobility.

SOC 5150             Sociology of Popular Culture                                                                      3 cr.
The course provides a survey of the sociology of culture, with a focus on popular culture. The emphasis is on theoretical approaches to the relationship of culture and society, the process of cultural production, and the reception of culture. The substantive focus includes the variety of meanings of film, rock music, and sport.

SOC 5216             Advanced Social Psychology                                                                       3 cr.
Current theoretical and research problems in social psychology from a sociological perspective. Review of traditional areas such as socialization, perception, role attitudes, and group dynamics. Emphasis on new developments in socio- and psycho-linguistics, information theory, participation, observation, and experimental methods.

SOC 5219             Social Deviance                                                3 cr.
Prerequisite: six hours in sociology. A survey of theory and research on the violation of social norms and laws. Primary emphasis is on social phenomena influencing conformity and deviance, together with institutional responses to individual and group deviance.

SOC 5788             Social Statistics II                                             3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 2707 or equivalent. An exploration of intermediate level multivariate statistical techniques for analyzing sociological and other social science data. Topics include analysis of variance and co-variance, correlation, regression analysis, causal models and specialized topics in multivariate statistical methods.

SOC 5871             Sociology of the Environment                                                   3 cr.
In-depth examination of the social dimensions of one to several environmental issues of contemporary relevance. Examples of the kinds of topics which will be covered include: biodiversity and species preservation; comparative cultural beliefs and values about the environment; conservation of wilderness areas and other environmental amenities; renewable energy and resource supplies; risk management; sustainable development; and technological controversies. The examined topics will be used as a venue through which to introduce students to an array of sociological concepts and theories about the human society-environmental interface.

SOC 5875             Sociology of Disaster                                                     3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 1051 or consent of the instructor. The course focuses on sociological analysis of disasters of various origins in societies across the globe. It will examine how population characteristics, patterns of settlements, social structure, social inequality, socio-cultural systems, and the biophysical landscape influence how people face disasters, how they respond and cope, and the ways in which they recover. Specific emphasis is placed on group and community differences in resiliency; the question as to why certain groups or communities are able to withstand the shocks of disasters with quick recovery while others are unable to recover will be addressed. Furthermore, how disasters engender rapid social change will be explored.

SOC 5881             The Urban Community                                                                  3 cr.
An analysis of the major subcommunities and subcultures to be found in any large urban complex. Special attention will be given to neighborhoods, ethnic and racial groups, suburbs, and religious and occupational subcultures.

SOC 5882             Urban Issues: Planning and Social Policy                                                     3 cr.
This course will deal with theory, policy, and methods in urban planning. It will also focus on special issues of contemporary problems, such as housing, urban renewal, and regional government.

SOC 5903             Population Issues and Dynamics                                                            3 cr.
An examination of social demography, with emphasis on the development of the theories and methods used to examine transitions in fertility, mortality, and migration, and their impact on population growth, distribution, and composition.  Other foci include the debates regarding the relationship between population growth and economic development, resource depletion, and environmental degradation, and the policy implications of the various positions taken.

SOC 5911             Drugs and Society                                                                            3 cr.
This course approaches the subject of drugs from a multidisciplinary perspective, with attention given to the biological, psychological, sociological, and educational implications of drug use and abuse in American society. Special concern will be given to the analysis of the values as they relate to the development and elaboration of subcultures and countercultures whose lifestyles reflect the use of and/or dependency upon drugs.

SOC 5921             Criminology       3 cr.
An analysis of causes, consequences, and control of crime in American society. Special attention is given to the theoretical explanations of crime and the special methodological problems in studying criminal behavior.

SOC 5954             Juvenile Delinquency                                                                                       3 cr.
An examination of the theoretical approaches to juvenile delinquency, alternative treatment programs, and the juvenile justice system, with primary focus on modern American society.

SOC 6096             Sociology in Applied Settings                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 6784 and consent of Graduate Coordinator. This course constitutes a graduate internship where the graduate intern works in a public or private agency or organization a minimum of eight hours a week. The purpose is to apply sociological methods to evaluate a particular problem or to assess the impact of proposed organizational changes or policies. The focus of the course is to produce an applied research paper, prepared under the direction of a graduate faculty advisor and a two-person committee. See program requirements for more details. No more than six hours in 6096-6097 may be counted for the degree, and a student may not count hours in both the 6096-6097 sequence and Sociology 7000 for the Master of Arts degree in Sociology.

SOC 6097             Sociology in Applied Settings                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 6783, 6784 and consent of department. These two courses constitute a graduate internship where the graduate intern works in a public or private agency or organization a minimum of eight hours a week. The purpose is to apply sociological theory and methods to evaluate a particular problem or to assess the impact of proposed organizational changes or policies. The focus of the course is to produce an applied research paper, prepared under the direction of a graduate faculty advisor and a two-person committee. See program requirements for more details. No more than six hours in 6096-6097 may be counted for the degree, and a student may not count hours in both the 6096-6097 sequence and Sociology 7000 for the Master of Arts degree in Sociology.

SOC 6098             Special Topics in Sociology                                                                          3 cr.
Selected topics pertinent to research and theory development in sociology are investigated with and emphasis on their relevance in contemporary society. The course may be repeated for credit.

SOC 6103             Race and Ethnicity                                                                                           3 cr.
This course provides an overview of the sociology of race and ethnicity. Topics are addressed through history, theory, social policy, and current issues.

SOC 6105             Seminar: Complex Organization and Bureaucracy                                        3 cr.
Analysis of the characteristics of the major types of large-scale, bureaucratic organizations found in contemporary industrial society, emphasizing the special common features of human organizations which cut across the many types of organization life.

SOC 6107             Sociological Perspectives on Gender                                                                     3 cr.
This course is an advanced graduate seminar that examines a variety of theoretical perspectives in the social construction of gender and the applications of these perspectives to empirical research. Methodological issues and controversies involved in the study of gender are also explored. Throughout the course, emphasis will be placed on the impact of race, ethnicity, age, and sexual preference on gender relations.

SOC 6396             Independent Readings in Sociology                                        1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Amount of credit to be determined at the time of registration. This course will consist of readings, conferences, reports, and research papers under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty. Total credit which may be accumulated in 6396, 6397, and 6398 is limited to six hours. Section number will correspond with credit to be earned.

SOC 6397             Independent Readings in Sociology                                        1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Amount of credit to be determined at the time of registration. This course will consist of readings, conferences, reports, and research papers under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty. Total credit which may be accumulated in 6396, 6397, and 6398 is limited to six hours. Section number will correspond with credit to be earned.

SOC 6398             Independent Readings in Sociology                                             1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Amount of credit to be determined at the time of registration. This course will consist of readings, conferences, reports, and research papers under the direction of a member of the graduate faculty. Total credit which may be accumulated in 6396, 6397, and 6398 is limited to six hours. Section number will correspond with credit to be earned.

SOC 6573             Social Psychology                                                            3 cr.
(SOC 6573 and PSYC 6400 are cross-listed) Analysis of the relationship between human behavior and social context, emphasizing the impact of social forces on social action and cognition. Topics include theoretical paradigms in social psychology, language use and interaction, small groups, self and identities, collective behavior, attitudes, and behavior. Critical analysis of existing theory and research methodology will be considered for each topic.

SOC 6783             Advanced Sociological Theory                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisite: SOC 4086, SOC 5086, or equivalent. A critical and analytical study of the major theoretical perspectives in contemporary sociology emphasizing the specific concepts and issues as well as ways these theories have shaped and guided social research.

SOC 6784             Methods of Sociological Investigation                                                                   3 cr.
A study of the principle methods of social science research with the purpose of developing students' ability to conduct research and be critical users of professional research.

SOC 6785             Seminar in Research Applications                                                                            3 cr.
Prerequisites: SOC 5788, 6783, and 6784 or consent of Graduate Coordinator.  The course provides graduate students advanced instruction in research design and analysis. It examines the types of validity claimed by sociological knowledge, covers research design and analytical methods, and culminates in a specific thesis proposal from each student.

SOC 6788             Qualitative Methods in Sociology                                                                            3 cr.
This course examines qualitative research methods in sociology, focusing on participant and nonparticipant observation, in-depth interviewing, and the use of documents as data. Attention is paid to the sociological analysis of qualitative data and how qualitative research is written for publication.

SOC 6813             Urban Sociology               3 cr.
An overview of theory and research on urban issues from a sociological perspective.

SOC 6816             Seminar on Sexualities                                                                                     3 cr.
This course studies the sociological study of sexuality. Topics covered include theories of sexuality, sexual bodies, sexual identities and communities, sexual politics and social institutions.

SOC 6871             Environmental Analysis                                                                3 cr.
Prerequisite: URBN 6850 or consent of coordinators. An investigation of environmental problems from a sociological perspective, with an emphasis on environmental analysis, management, and policy.

SOC 7000             Thesis Research                                                                               1 min. cr. - 9 max. cr.
Offered each semester. To be repeated for credit until thesis is accepted. Section number will correspond with credit to be earned.

SOC 7040             Examination or Thesis Only No credit                                                                    0 cr.
Open to students in a thesis program who have only (other than application for degree) the final typing and acceptance by the Graduate School of their thesis or dissertation or to students in a non-thesis program who have only (other than application for degree) to pass the final examination to complete graduation requirements.