Earth and Environmental Science

EES 1000               Dynamic Earth                                                                                                   3 cr.
A study of the structure and properties of materials composing the earth and processes which form and alter the crust including erosion igneous activity mountain building glaciation earthquakes and oceans. Credit in EES 1000 and/or 1001 and EES 1008 will not be allowed.

EES 1001               Dynamic Earth Lab                                                                                            1 cr.
An introduction to working with geological materials. Distinction of rocks on the basis of physical properties and determination of how those properties can be used to predict behavior of various materials. Students are introduced to principles of mapping and geological laboratory and field observations. The course meets for three hours each week.

EES 1002               Introduction to Environmental Science                                                          3 cr.
A survey of environmental science and policy issues, including ecology, engineering, geology, geography, law, economics, philosophy, and sociology.

EES 1003               Introduction to Environmental Sciences Laboratory                                    1 cr.
The purpose of this course is to expose undergraduate students to research topics in the environmental sciences with an emphasis on local Louisiana issues. Students are assessed on the basis of a semester-long independent research project that includes the formulation of a research plan, the collection of data, analysis of these data, and a final oral presentation to the class. Students will be assessed a laboratory fee for enrollment in this course.

EES 1006               Dinosaurs                                                                                                          3 cr.
A lecture survey of dinosaurs and other extinct reptiles the theories about their life habits and evolution. Three hours of lecture a week.

EES 1008               Geology of New Orleans and Louisiana                                                         4 cr.
A study of the influence of geological materials and processes on the founding development and future of New Orleans and environs. Lecture and laboratory are integrated. Credit for both EES 1000 and/or EES 1001 and EES 1008 will not be allowed. EES 1008 may be used along with EES 2004 and 2005 to fulfill the 8-cr hour science general degree requirement.

EES 2000               Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences                                             4 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1002, 1003, or consent of instructor in lieu of one of the identified lecture and laboratory sequences. This course is designed to introduce students to the approaches and instrumentation used in the field by earth and environmental scientists to conduct their research. Course emphasizes the interpretation of maps and aerial photographs, the construction of geologic cross-sections, the measurement of geologic sections, the use of position locating systems and field instruments such as compasses, seismic systems and side-scan sonar. Consists of lecture and laboratory each week with excursions to collect data in the field, mapping assignments, time to work with instrumentation and data collection and interpretation.

EES 2004               Earth & Environment Thru Time                                                                      3 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisites: EES 1000. Evolutionary history of the earth including physical changes and an introduction to the record of life through time, and an overview of historical climate changes.

EES 2005               Earth and Environment Through Time Laboratory                                        1 cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisites: EES 1001; concurrent enrollment in EES 2004 is recommended. A survey of the rocks maps and fossils used to unravel the history of  earth and life. The course meets for three hours each week.

EES 2050               Surficial Processes                                                                                           3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2010, MATH 1112. Study of earth surface processes involved in sediment deposition and landform development. Process mechanics and environmental response to climatic change and tectonic events are emphasized. Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

EES 2051               Geomorphology                                                                                                3 cr.
Prerequisites:  EES 1000. Focuses on the processes operating at the surface of the earth that result in the degradation of existing rock masses and the movement of material across the surface of the earth to other locations, and the landforms resulting from these processes.

EES 2096               Special Topics in Geology                                                                  1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. A lecture lecture-laboratory or seminar format will be used to discuss special topics in geology. The course content will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

EES 2097               Independent Studies                                                                           1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. Independent research projects or directed readings designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. Regular conferences between students and instructor are required. May be repeated for credit.

EES 2105               Environmental Toxicology                                                                               3 cr.
Prerequisite: For undergraduate students with sophomore standing. Environmental Toxicology is the study of the impacts of pollutants upon the structure and function of ecological systems. This course is a beginning level discussion of the basic concepts of toxicology as it relates to the impacts of pollutants on the environment. Basic categories of pollutants are discussed along with their effects on animals and man and their environment. Presentation of sentinel exposures resulting in damage to both wildlife and humans are included. Practical and current topics in toxicology will be integrated into the scientific discussions. Discussions of environmental legislation pertinent to this area are included.

EES 2510               Environmental Science and Policy                                                                 3 cr.
An introduction to the role of science in environmental policy making and policy analysis.  Emphasis will be on understanding basic policy mechanisms, major policy actions related to environmental and resource issues, and limits of science in policy making.  The approach of the course will be to focus on current environmental problems and case histories.  Through hands-on analysis students will develop an appreciation for the complex causes of environmental problems and how viable solutions can be formulated.

EES 2700               Earth Materials                                                                                                  3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 2004, 2005, Math 1126. The class provides an introduction to rock forming minerals and a survey of petrological classifications of rocks with an emphasis on hand sample identification, field identification methods, and petrogensis of rocks. The formation of soils and soil chemistry is also introduced.

EES 2740               Principles of Paleontology                                                                               3 cr.
Fall semester. Prerequisites: EES 2004 and 2005, and BIOS 1071 and 1073. Study of ancient life as a geological and biological science. Lab will concentrate on invertebrates will also cover vertebrates and plants. Two hours of lecture three hours of laboratory and required field trip.

EES 3000               Ecosystem Analyses                                                                                        3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003; BIOS 1071, 1073; MATH 1126. Undergraduate course covering basic techniques in the collection and analysis of environmental data and the management of ecosystem databases. Lectures on managing ecological data and communicating results to natural resource managers. Students will be instructed in the use of software products for storing and analyzing environmental data and will be given real data sets to conduct independent research projects.

EES 3091               Independent Studies in Earth and Environmental Science             1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: Consent of department. Directed readings, research, or applications designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. Conferences between the student and a supervising instructor are required. May be repeated for credit.

EES 3096               Special Topics - Earth and Environmental Science                          1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: Consent of department. A lecture, field, and/or seminar format will be used to present special topics in the field of environmental science and policy. Content will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

EES 3100               Analysis of Earth Structure                                                                              3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2005, 2051 and 2700 or consent of the department. Description and geometric analysis of earth structures (faults folds and structural fabrics). Overview of worldwide observations of typical earth structures and structural association as well as theories for the origin of geologic structures. Includes practical exercises in construction of geologic maps and cross-sections graphical as well as trigonometric solution of geometric problems and analysis of structural symmetry. One hour of lecture and 3 hours of laboratory per week.

EES 3120               Introduction to Coastal Restoration                                                               3 cr.
Introduces students to the various methods used in coastal restoration; structured according to the environmental setting.

EES 3310               Ign Met Sed Petrology                                                                                      3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2700; Undergraduate course that introduces students to optical mineralogy and the study of the three principal rock groups in hand specimen and under the petrographic microscope. The course provides an overview of the principles of rock description, identification, classification, and up-to-date coverage of the petrogenesis of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.

EES 3400               Introduction to Petroleum Geology                                                                3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2700, 3100. Introduces students to the geologic principles required in the exploration and recovery of hydrocarbons from subsurface reservoirs. Students will gain an understanding of where hydrocarbons are typically trapped in the subsurface, how they form and migrate, and the methods required to develop a hydrocarbon play that is economically viable.

EES 3700               Geological Time                                                                                                3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 1000, 1001. This course will survey relative and absolute geological time focusing upon geological history biostratigraphy physical stratigraphy and geochronology.

EES 3730               Introductory Geochemistry                                                                             3 cr.
Prerequisites: CHEM 1018 or 1011 and consent of department. Principles of chemistry applied to the study of geological materials and processes. Emphasis will be on isotope geochemistry thermodynamics crystal chemistry and petrogenesis.

EES 3991               Undergraduate Research                                                                    1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. Independent research projects designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. Regular conferences between student and instructor are required. May be repeated for credit.

EES 4000               Statistical Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences                          3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 1125 or higher. Working knowledge of EXCEL is recommended. Analysis of quantitative geological data emphasizing computer-based procedures.

EES 4090               Senior Thesis                                                                                       1 min. cr. - 6 max. cr.
Prerequisites: Senior status and written approval of the department and the supervising professor. Supervised research on some aspect of the geological sciences. Project must be completed as a written report and the final copy approved by adviser before the second semester's credit can be received. May be taken multiple times for a maximum of six (6) credit hours.

EES 4091               Independent Study                                                                              1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: Consent of department. Independent research, or directed readings, or applicants designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. For EES seniors to work individually with a professor for credit. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 credit hours.

EES 4096               Special Topics                                                                                      1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. A lecture lecture-laboratory or seminar format will be used to discuss special topics in geology. The course content will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

EES 4098               Senior Honors Thesis                                                                          1 min. cr. - 6 max. cr.
Prerequisites: written consent of department professor(s) concerned and director of Honors Program. Approval of a written report and an oral defense of the thesis is required. May be taken multiple times for a maximum of six (6) credit hours.

EES 4099               Senior Seminar in Earth and Environmental Sciences                                  2 cr.
Prerequisite: Senior status. This course should be taken within the final two semesters prior to graduation. In this course students will apply a broad spectrum of studies to the solution of problems arising in geology. This course will emphasize physical processes geologic time and earth materials. Students must demonstrate a firm comprehension of those topics and be able to apply them to the solution of geologic problems in order to earn a passing grade in the course. Subject matter will vary.

EES 4105               Ecotoxicology                                                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. This course discusses the interconnections between ecologic health and human health and includes the areas of immunotoxicology, reproductive toxicology, carcinogenesis, genotoxicology, bioaccumulation, and bioavailability. Presentation of sentinel accidental exposures resulting in both wildlife and human effects are included. Discussions of environmental legislation pertinent to this area include the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, Toxic Substances Control Act, The Clean Water Act, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the National Environmental Policy Act.

EES 4110               Introduction to Geophysics                                                                             3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3100, and PHYS 1031 or PHYS 1061. A study of the fundamental methods of geophysics. Emphasis is placed on seismic gravity and magnetic methods and their use in geophysical exploration.

EES 4115               Toxicology and Human Health                                                                         3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. This course provides the basic principles of toxicology with applications to the impact of toxic agents on human health. Toxic agents discussed include pesticides, metals, solvents, radiation, and radioactive materials, terrestrial and marine animal venoms and poisons, plants and mycotoxins.

EES 4120               Gravity and Magnetics                                                                                     3 cr.
(EES 4120 and PHYS 4507 are cross-listed) Prerequisites: EES 4110, PHYS 3301 or PHYS 4501 and MATH 2221. Fundamentals of scaler potentials and analysis of vector fields as applied to geophysical problems in gravity and magnetism. Analytic properties of the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields in space and time. Modeling and interpretation of gravity and magnetic anomalies.

EES 4125               Toxicology of Metals                                                                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4115 or consent of Department. This course discusses the broad and multidisciplinary science of metal toxicology. Mechanisms of action, metal-metal interactions, carcinogenicity and genotoxicity of selected heavy, trace, and essential metals will be included. Metabolism, distribution, elimination, health effects, and biological monitoring will also be discussed and target organ toxicity will be addressed.

EES 4130               Exploration Seismology                                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124;  PHYS 1061; EES 3110, 3700, and 2050. Application of physical principles to naturally deformed rocks and overview of modern structural geology. Quantitative applications to solve geologic problems practical exercises in rock mechanics determination of finite strain advanced cross-section construction techniques and methods of kinematic analysis. Three hours of lecture per week.

EES 4150               Geophysical Field Methods                                                                             2 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 3110, 3700, 2050, and EES 4110 or permission of department. Introduction to basic acquisition of geophysical data in the field. Collection processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data as well as seismic reflection and refraction data. A fee will be assessed for transportation materials insurance room and board. The course will include fourteen days of field work.

EES 4152               Applied Seismic Data Acquisition and Processing                                       3 cr.
(PHYS 4381 and EES 4152 are cross-listed) Prerequisites: PHYS 4205, EES 4110 and MATH 2221. Basic acoustics and ray tracing; seismic data acquisition; CDP; noise analyses and arrays; physics of acoustic sources, measuring and recording instruments; demultiplexing; NMO and velocity analysis; statics; and introduction to deconvolution, filtering, and migration. Use of fundamental seismic data processing computer programs, graphics, and displays of seismic data; seismic data processing of field data. Two hours of lecture and two hours of computer laboratory per week.

EES 4160               Seismic Stratigraphy                                                                                         2 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4110 or consent of department. Interpretation of stratigraphy from seismic records. Analysis of unconformities environments of deposition and local and world-wide sea level curves. Two hours of lecture/discussion.

EES 4161               Gulf Coast Geology                                                                                          3 cr.
Fall semester. Prerequisites: EES 3110, 3700, 2050, or consent of department. Geology of the Gulf Coastal Plain and Gulf Basin including physiography stratigraphy structure and economic geology.

EES 4165               Geophysical Exploration and Interpretation                                                 3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3100 and PHYS 1062 or consent of department. A study of the fundamental methods of geophysical exploration and interpretation. To include geophysical principles of gravity magnetics and seismology in order to make better geological interpretation of geophysical data.

EES 4520               Estuarine Environmental Science                                                                   4 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003; BIOS 1073, 1071; MATH 1126; This course introduces the key ecological processes and topics in estuarine environments. Topics such as plankton systems, marshes, submersed aquatic macrophytes, mangroves, benthos, and nekton , with special emphasis on human impact and management, global change issues, and the use of modeling as a research tool will be covered. Course consists of lecture and laboratory. Students will be required to spend time outside of designated laboratory hours to complete assignments and collect additional data. Using southeastern Louisiana as a classroom, students will be brought into the field on a weekly basis to observe actual environmental impacts of the local estuarine systems. Relevant topics covered will include measuring the effects of recent hurricanes, river diversions, hurricane protection activity, habitat restoration efforts, and oil spills on local estuarine organisms. Students will conduct their own research projects on these subjects and present results at the end of the semester.

EES 4550               Coastal Geomorphology                                                                                  3 cr.
Prerequisite:  EES 2051 or Consent of department. The study of the geomorphology of land forms and the processes that shape them.  This course surveys the coasts of the world and the challenges they present to our society.  Topics range from tectonic classification of coasts to sea level history, coastal processes, coastal land forms, and environmental coastal issues.  A fee will be assessed to cover transportation and supplies.

EES 4560               Environmental Geology of Coastal Louisiana                                               3 cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department.  This course investigates the Holocene evolution of south Louisiana and the environmental issues found in this coastal zone.  Topics addressed include the modern development of the Mississippi River delta and chenier plains, flood and diversion control, coastal land loss, hurricanes,environmental quality, and coastal restoration.  A fee may be assessed to cover transportation and supplies.

EES 4711               Introductory X-Ray Crystallography                                                                2 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2700, MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124, CHEM 1018, and consent of department. Introduction to the theory and techniques of X-ray analysis of crystalline materials. One hour of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

EES 4720               Global Tectonics                                                                                               3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3110, 3700, and 2050; MATH 2112 or 2109 or 2124; EES 4110 or 4145 recommended; or consent of the department.  Overview of plate tectonic principles with specific geologic applications. Geophysical characteristics of plate margins descriptions of plate motions and plate reconstructions. Geological characteristics of plate margins tectonic analysis of ancient plate margins and theories on the plate tectonic driving mechanism. Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

EES 4730               Environmental Geochemistry                                                                           3 cr.
Prerequisites: CHEM 1018 or 1011 and CHEM 2217 or consent of department. Chemical reactivities of common inorganic and organic pollutants are presented for different natural environments. The chemistry of methods used to neutralize and/or remove these pollutants from the environment are discussed. Three hours of lecture.

EES 4735               Hydrogeology                                                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2051 and MATH 1125 or higher or consent of department. A study of the fundamentals of ground water: geologic occurrence exploration and physical properties. Focuses on the subsurface distribution and movement of water in geologic materials. Three hours lecture per week.

EES 4750               Principles of Stratigraphy                                                                                4 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 2004, 2005 and 2700 or consent of department. An introduction to the principles of stratigraphic analysis and correlation of sedimentary rocks.  Provides an overview of depositional systems and stratigraphic successions in different tectonic domains.  Includes practical exercises in the interpretation of depositional systems, construction of stratigraphic cross sections, construction of isopach and structural contour maps and interpretation of seismic reflection profiles.  Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week with oral and written assignments.  One afternoon field trip and a week-long field trip to the central/southern Appalachians are required.  A field trip fee will be assessed to cover transportation and other field trip related costs.

EES 4800               Advanced Stratigraphy                                                                                     3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4750 or consent of department. An introduction to advanced theoretical and applied methods used to examine, decipher, and utilize the stratigraphic record to determine depositional basin history and the distribution of natural resources. Subjects to be addressed include: the record of time strata, tectonics and sedimentation, sequence stratigraphy, stratigraphic cyclicity, biostratigraphy, relative and eustatic sea-level change and other mechanisms that drive the evolution of depositional systems.

EES 4840               Structural Geology                                                                                            3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124; PHYS 1061; EES 3110, 3700, and 2050. Application of physical principles to naturally deformed rocks and overview of modern structural geology. Quantitative applications to solve geologic problems practical exercises in rock mechanics determination of finite strain advanced cross-section construction techniques and methods of kinematic analysis. Three hours of lecture per week.

EES 4900               Coastal Processes                                                                                            3 cr.
Prerequisites for EES 4900: EES 2051 and MATH 1125 or higher, or consent of department. This course focuses on the physical processes operating in the coastal marine environment. Key elements include wave transformation processes, coastal level fluctuations, and coastal morphodynamics. The course will also emphasize on presenting modeling tools available for the study of such environments. Graduate students in this course will be responsible to complete additional work during the regular semester as well as a final project for the class.

EES 4925               Introduction to Physical Oceanography                                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. The main objective of the class is to provide an overview and a systematic coverage of the fundamentals of physical oceanography. The topic will be explored in both a descriptive as well as a quantitative nature. The students will be introduces to oceanic circulation, thermohaline circulation, wind driven circulation, physical properties of the ocean, and governing forces that drive ocean circulation. The class will also cover fundamental topics in coastal oceanography, and introduce tidal currents and other processes governing transport in coastal oceans. Students will also be responsible for a term project centered on themes introduced in the class and will have to write a 4500 words journal-style paper and present their results to the class. Graduate students enrolled in this course will also be responsible for more elaborate homework assignments with quantitative analysis.

EES 4949               Natural Resource Management                                                                       3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003; BIOS 1073, 1071; MATH 2107 or 2111 or 2114; or consent of department. This interdisciplinary course will instruct junior and senior level undergraduate students in the importance of understanding the effectiveness of using ecological policies for addressing global problems with natural resource management. With and emphasis on Louisiana's own ecosystems, students will survey numerous examples of how ecologically-based methods have repeatedly been used to restore and improve both aquatic and terrestrial natural resources for commercial and recreational use.

EES 5000               Statistical Methods in Earth and Environmental Sciences                          3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 1125 or higher. Working knowledge of EXCEL is recommended. Analysis of quantitative geological data emphasizing computer-based procedures.

EES 5091               Independent Study                                                                              1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: Consent of department. Directed readings, research, or applications designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. This class allows EES graduate students to take an in-depth study and/or research of current topics individually with a professor for credit. May be repeated up to 6 credit hours.

EES 5096               Special Topics                                                                                      1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. A lecture lecture-laboratory or seminar format will be used to discuss special topics in geology. The course content will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit.

EES 5105               Ecotoxicology                                                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. This course discusses the interconnections between ecologic health and human health and includes the areas of immunotoxicology, reproductive toxicology, carcinogenesis, genotoxicology, bioaccumulation, and bioavailabilty. Presentation of sentinel accidental exposures resulting in both wildlife and human effects are included. Discussions of environmental legislation pertinent to this area include the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, Toxic Substances Control Act, The Clean Water Act, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and the National Environmental Policy Act.

EES 5110               Introduction to Geophysics                                                                             3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3100, and PHYS 1031 or PHYS 1061. A study of the fundamental methods of geophysics. Emphasis is placed on seismic gravity and magnetic methods and their use in geophysical exploration.

EES 5115               Toxicology and Human Health                                                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. This course provides the basic principles of toxicology with applications to the impact of toxic agents on human health. Toxic agents discussed include pesticides, metals, solvents, radiation, and radioactive materials, terrestrial and marine animal venoms and poisons, plants and mycotoxins.

EES 5120               Gravity and Magnetics                                                                                     3 cr.
(EES 4120 and PHYS 4507 are cross-listed) Prerequisites: EES 4110, PHYS 3301 or PHYS 4501 and MATH 2221. Fundamentals of scalar potentials and analysis of vector fields as applied to geophysical problems in gravity and magnetism. Analytic properties of the earth's gravitational and magnetic fields in space and time. Modeling and interpretation of gravity and magnetic anomalies.

EES 5125               Toxicology of Metals                                                                                        3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4115 or consent of Department. This course discusses the broad and multidisciplinary science of metal toxicology. Mechanisms of action, metal-metal interactions, carcinogenicity and genotoxicity of selected heavy, trace, and essential metals will be included. Metabolism, distribution, elimination, health effects, and biological monitoring will also be discussed and target organ toxicity will be addressed.

EES 5130               Exploration Seismology                                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124;  PHYS 1061; EES 3110, 3700, and 2050. Application of physical principles to naturally deformed rocks and overview of modern structural geology. Quantitative applications to solve geologic problems practical exercises in rock mechanics determination of finite strain advanced cross-section construction techniques and methods of kinematic analysis. Three hours of lecture per week.

EES 5150               Geophysical Field Methods                                                                            2 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 3110, 3700, 2050, and EES 4110 or permission of department. Introduction to basic acquisition of geophysical data in the field. Collection processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data as well as seismic reflection and refraction data. A fee will be assessed for transportation materials insurance room and board. The course will include fourteen days of field work.

EES 5152               Applied Seismic Data Acquisition and Processing                                       3 cr.
(PHYS 4381 and EES 4152 are cross-listed) Prerequisites: PHYS 4205, EES 4110 and MATH 2221. Basic acoustics and ray tracing; seismic data acquisition; CDP; noise analyses and arrays; physics of acoustic sources, measuring and recording instruments; demultiplexing; NMO and velocity analysis; statics; and introduction to deconvolution, filtering, and migration. Use of fundamental seismic data processing computer programs, graphics, and displays of seismic data; seismic data processing of field data. Two hours of lecture and two hours of computer laboratory per week.

EES 5160               Seismic Stratigraphy                                                                                         2 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4110 or consent of department. Interpretation of stratigraphy from seismic records. Analysis of unconformities environments of deposition and local and world-wide sea level curves. Two hours of lecture/discussion.

EES 5161               Gulf Coast Geology                                                                                          3 cr.
Fall semester. Prerequisites: EES 3110, 3700, 2050, or consent of department. Geology of the Gulf Coastal Plain and Gulf Basin including physiography stratigraphy structure and economic geology.

EES 5165               Geophysical Exploration and Interpretation                                                  3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3100 and PHYS 1062 or consent of department. A study of the fundamental methods of geophysical exploration and interpretation. To include geophysical principles of gravity magnetics and seismology in order to make better geological interpretation of geophysical data.

EES 5520               Estuarine Environmental Science                                                                   4 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003; BIOS 1073, 1071; MATH 1126; This course introduces the key ecological processes and topics in estuarine environments. Topics such as plankton systems, marshes, submersed aquatic macrophytes, mangroves, benthos, and nekton , with special emphasis on human impact and management, global change issues, and the use of modeling as a research tool will be covered. Course consists of lecture and laboratory. Students will be required to spend time outside of designated laboratory hours to complete assignments and collect additional data. Using southeastern Louisiana as a classroom, students will be brought into the field on a weekly basis to observe actual environmental impacts of the local estuarine systems. Relevant topics covered will include measuring the effects of recent hurricanes, river diversions, hurricane protection activity, habitat restoration efforts, and oil spills on local estuarine organisms. Students will conduct their own research projects on these subjects and present results at the end of the semester.

EES 5550               Coastal Geomorphology                                                                                  3 cr.
Prerequisite:  EES 2051 or Consent of department. The study of the geomorphology of land forms and the processes that shape them.  This course surveys the coasts of the world and the challenges they present to our society.  Topics range from tectonic classification of coasts to sea level history, coastal processes, coastal land forms, and environmental coastal issues.  A fee will be assessed to cover transportation and supplies.

EES 5560               Environmental Geology of Coastal Louisiana                                               3 cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department.  This course investigates the Holocene evolution of south Louisiana and the environmental issues found in this coastal zone.  Topics addressed include the modern development of the Mississippi RIver delta and chenier plains, flood and diversion control, coastal land loss, hurricanes,environmental quality, and coastal restoration.  A fee may be assessed to cover transportation and supplies.

EES 5711               Introductory X-Ray Crystallography                                                               2 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2700, MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124, CHEM 1018, and consent of department. Introduction to the theory and techniques of X-ray analysis of crystalline materials. One hour of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

EES 5720               Global Tectonics                                                                                               3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 3110, 3700, and 2050; MATH 2112 or 2109 or 2124; EES 4110 or 4145 recommended; or consent of the department.  Overview of plate tectonic principles with specific geologic applications. Geophysical characteristics of plate margins descriptions of plate motions and plate reconstructions. Geological characteristics of plate margins tectonic analysis of ancient plate margins and theories on the plate tectonic driving mechanism. Two hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory.

EES 5730               Environmental Geochemistry                                                                           3 cr.
Prerequisites: CHEM 1018 or 1011 and CHEM 2217 or consent of department. Chemical reactivities of common inorganic and organic pollutants are presented for different natural environments. The chemistry of methods used to neutralize and/or remove these pollutants from the environment are discussed. Three hours of lecture.

EES 5735               Hydrogeology                                                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 2051 and MATH 1125 or higher or consent of department. A study of the fundamentals of ground water: geologic occurrence exploration and physical properties. Focuses on the subsurface distribution and movement of water in geologic materials. Three hours lecture per week.

EES 5750               Principles of Stratigraphy                                                                                4 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 2004, 2005 and 2700 or consent of department. An introduction to the principles of stratigraphic analysis and correlation of sedimentary rocks.  Provides an overview of depositional systems and stratigraphic successions in different tectonic domains.  Includes practical exercises in the interpretation of depositional systems, construction of stratigraphic cross sections, construction of isopach and structural contour maps and interpretation of seismic reflection profiles.  Two hours of lecture and two hours of laboratory per week with oral and written assignments.  One afternoon field trip and a week-long field trip to the central/southern Appalachians are required.  A field trip fee will be assessed to cover transportation and other field trip related costs.

EES 5800               Advanced Stratigraphy                                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 4750 or consent of department. An introduction to advanced theoretical and applied methods used to examine, decipher, and utilize the stratigraphic record to determine depositional basin history and the distribution of natural resources. Subjects to be addressed include: the record of time strata, tectonics and sedimentation, sequence stratigraphy, stratigraphic cyclicity, biostratigraphy, relative and eustatic sea-level change and other mechanisms that drive the evolution of depositional systems.

EES 5840               Structural Geology                                                                                           3 cr.
Prerequisites: MATH 2109 or 2112 or 2124; PHYS 1061; EES 3110, 3700, and 2050. Application of physical principles to naturally deformed rocks and overview of modern structural geology. Quantitative applications to solve geologic problems practical exercises in rock mechanics determination of finite strain advanced cross-section construction techniques and methods of kinematic analysis. Three hours of lecture per week.

EES 5900               Coastal Processes                                                                                            3 cr.
Prerequisites for EES 4900: EES 2051 and MATH 1125 or higher, or consent of department. This course focuses on the physical processes operating in the coastal marine environment. Key elements include wave transformation processes, coastal level fluctuations, and coastal morphodynamics. The course will also emphasize on presenting modeling tools available for the study of such environments. Graduate students in this course will be responsible to complete additional work during the regular semester as well as a final project for the class.

EES 5925               Intro to Physical Oceanography                                                                     3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. The main objective of the class is to provide an overview and a systematic coverage of the fundamentals of physical oceanography. The topic will be explored in both a descriptive as well as a quantitative nature, covering the following topics: oceanic circulation, thermo-haline circulation, wind driven circulation, physical properties of the ocean, and governing forces that drive ocean circulation, coastal oceanography, and other processes governing transport in coastal oceans. Students will also be responsible for a term project centered on themes introduced in the class and will have to write a 4500 words journal-style paper and present their results to the class.

EES 5949               Natural Resource Management                                                                       3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 1000, 1001, 1002, 1003; BIOS 1073, 1071; MATH 2107 or 2111 or 2114; or consent of department. This interdisciplinary course will instruct junior and senior level undergraduate students in the importance of understanding the effectiveness of using ecological policies for addressing global problems with natural resource management. With and emphasis on Louisiana's own ecosystems, students will survey numerous examples of how ecologically-based methods have repeatedly been used to restore and improve both aquatic and terrestrial natural resources for commercial and recreational use.

EES 6015               Toxicology of Coastal Organisms                                                                   3 cr.
Prerequisite: Department consent required. This course discusses the significance of seabirds and fishes as bioindicators of coastal and marine pollution. Seabirds are often at the top of the food chain where they can be exposed to relatively high levels of contaminants in their prey. Aquatic animals are particularly vulnerable to environmental exposures arising from their living immersed in the exposure medium (surface water), having highly permeable skin and gills, and other inherent sensitivities. This course studies the vulnerability and susceptibility of seabirds and fish to environmental pollutants. Topics include the reproductive toxicity, neurotoxicity, behavioral abnormalities, developmental toxicity, and immunotoxicity of these two very important bioindicators.

EES 6090               Graduate Seminar                                                                                             1 cr.
Offered each semester. Students and faculty will discuss their research work on timely topics in geology. Required each semester for graduate students in geology. One credit each semester to a maximum of three credits. One hour of lecture-discussion.

EES 6096               Special Topics                                                                                      1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Prerequisite: consent of department. A lecture lecture- laboratory or seminar format will be used to discuss special topics in geophysics. The course content will vary from semester to semester. May be repeated as needed with department permission.

EES 6097               Independent Study                                                                              1 min. cr. - 3 max. cr.
Offered each semester. Prerequisite: consent of department. Independent research projects that are not part of a graduate thesis or directed readings designed to meet the needs and interests of individual students. Regular conferences between the student and instructor are required. May be repeated for a total of three credits.

EES 6265               Surface Process and Environment Dynamics                                                3 cr.
Prerequisite: EES 3265 or consent of department. A study of present-day continental shelf-coastal and oceanic environments emphasizing how understanding sedimentary processes can be used in developing lithofacies models. Three hours of lecture.

EES 6640               Sequence Stratigraphy                                                                                     3 cr.
Pre-requisites: EES 4750 or EES 5750 (or equivalent). Sequence stratigraphy deals with genetically-linked, hiatus-bounded strata in a chronostratigraphic framework. Students will learn how to think and communicate like a sequence stratigrapher within the wider context of sedimentary geology. Specifically, this course will introduce students to various concepts and tools of sequence stratigraphy that will help in graduate research and in professional careers to carry out jobs successfully. Students will also gain deeper understanding of global challenges like past and future changes of sea-level.

EES 6658               Low-Temperature Geochemistry                                                                     3 cr.
Spring semester. Prerequisites: EES 4730 and CSCI 1060 or consent of department. Comprehensive study of chemical processes in geologic systems at temperatures and pressures from earth surface conditions through diagenesis (200EC and 1 kilobar). Emphasis will be placed on the use of equilibrium thermodynamics chemical kinetics diffusion and advection to explain reservoir diagenesis.

EES 6760               Coastal Restoration & Management                                                               3 cr.
Prerequisite: consent of the department. Coastal problems and appropriate mitigation approaches on barrier shorelines and beaches, deltas, and estuaries. Management aspects include project implementation and a background to regulatory frameworks for coastal restoration decision-making.

EES 6762               Aquatic Sciences                                                                                              3 cr.
Prerequisites: Approval of instructor and graduate status. This interdisciplinary seminar will examine interactions and connectivity in the aquatic environment continuum. Environments covered in this course will include: inland groundwater hydrology, freshwater streams and rivers, lakes and reservoirs, aquatic-terrestial floodplain habitats, oligohaline estuaries, urban and impacted waters, coastal wetlands, barrier island habitats, in-shore and off-shore artificial reefs, and pelagic marine habitats. Students will investigate how all of these environments and connected to each other and how these interactions are essential for the functioning of these ecosystems.

EES 6770               Basin Analysis                                                                                                  3 cr.
Prerequisites: consent of instructor and graduate status. The course presents theories of basin formation in various types of geotectonic settings, basin infill dynamics, subsidence history and consequences for reservoir and source rock development and the petroleum system. Subjects to be discussed include physical state of lithosphere, mechanisms of sedimentary basin formation by stretching, strke-slip, flexure and compression, effects of mantle dynamics, basin infill mechanisms and depositional systems, basin stratigraphy, subsidence and thermal history, changes of reservoir and petrophysical parameters during burial and tectonic processes, and application to the  petroleum system, leading towards the play concept.

EES 6810               Geophysical Data Processing                                                                         3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 4130, CSCI 1060, MATH 2221, and PHYS 4205 or consent of department. Transforms one-sided functions spectral factorization resolution matrices and multi-channel time series data modeling by least squares waveform applications of least squares layers revealed by scattered wave filtering and mathematical physics in stratified media.

EES 6840               Reflection Seismology                                                                                    3 cr.
Prerequisites: EES 4130, CSCI 1060, MATH 2221, and PHYS 4205 or consent of department. Seismic velocity synthetic seismogram filtering convolution and deconvolution of seismic data; migration for the delineation of geological structures; and geophysical Inverse Theory for determining lithology.

EES 7000               Thesis Research                                                                                  1 min. cr. - 9 max. cr.
Offered each semester. By arrangement with the graduate adviser. Three hours of laboratory work per credit hour. Section number will correspond with credit to be earned. To be repeated for credit until thesis is accepted.

EES 7040               Examination or Thesis Only                                                                          0 cr.
No credit. Open to students in a thesis program who have only (other than application for degree) the final typing and acceptance by the Graduate School of their thesis or dissertation or to students in a non-thesis program who have only (other than application for degree) to pass the final examination to complete graduation requirements.