Arnold R. Hirsch, a University of New Orleans history professor for 31 years, passed away on March 18 at age 69. Between 1979 and his retirement in 2010, Hirsch’s roles at the University included serving as the Ethel & Herman L. Midlo Endowed Chair and director of the Midlo Center for New Orleans Studies. Known as “Arnie” to colleagues, Hirsch leaves a legacy at the University of steadfast commitment to making history accessible to the masses.
Hirsch was born and raised in Chicago, earning a bachelor’s degree and doctorate at the University of Illinois. He is best known for his ground-breaking book “Making the Second Ghetto,” in which he catalogs the myriad societal and institutional forces at work ensuring racial segregation in Chicago housing during the decades following World War II. His research for the book began in the aftermath of Chicago riots that followed the 1968 assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
At the time of its publishing in 1983, the book made big waves in academia. Thomas J. Sugrue, professor of social and cultural analysis and history at New York University, says the reason was Hirsch’s willingness to challenge recent history, the post-World War II era in particular. Sugrue says the approach was unusual among most historians at the time.
“Over his too-short career, Arnold Hirsch made inestimable contributions to the study of cities, race, urban politics, and policy, not to mention setting the agenda for a whole generation of cutting-edge work on postwar American history,” wrote Sugrue in a memorial for National Book Review.
Hirsch’s work resonates just as powerfully today. The significance of Hirsch’s most famous volume is noted by author and national correspondent for The Atlantic Ta-Nehisi Coates. Coates, described by The New York Observer as “the single best writer on the subject of race in the United States,” says Hirsch’s book was “deeply transformational” for him in clarifying “that perfect storm of racism, redlining and public policies” that built and maintained ghettos in the nation’s urban centers.
“If you want to understand what came after the 1960s, you have to understand what came before the 1940s and post-war,” Coates said. “We’re still dealing with the same issues he talked about. It hasn’t changed.”
“If you want to understand modern Chicago, you can't do without Hirsch's work. Every time I hear someone speak about ‘black on black crime’ in Chicago, I want to hurl a hardcover of ‘Making The Second Ghetto’ at them,” wrote Coates in The Atlantic.
"Arnold Hirsch was one of the most important scholars ever to teach at UNO," said Mary Niall Mitchell, who currently holds the Midlo Endowed Chair and serves as co-director of the Midlo Center for New Orleans Studies. "His work was foundational to the field of 20th century urban history. Even though 'Making the Second Ghetto' was about Chicago, it gave him a framework for studying the politics of race and racial discrimination that was vital to understanding the history of New Orleans. The book 'Creole New Orleans,' which he co-edited with his colleague Joe Logsdon, is still indispensable.
"The Midlo Center is proud to have supported the work of a scholar whose ideas are still vital to today’s political debates and the writing of Ta-Nehisi Coates and others," Mitchell said.
Connie Zeanah Atkinson, co-director of the Midlo Center, remembers that Hirsch had an enthusiam for civil rights. She said she sensed that he believed he had a responsibility as a historian to share knowledge of history. Hirsch’s motivation, she believes, was bringing awareness and understanding of the past so that people could be empowered to change the things that were wrong about it. Atkinson said he displayed strong convictions about “no watered-down history.”
“He encouraged his students to challenge old notions. Only when people understand how things got the way they are can they begin to deconstruct them,” she said of his drive to educate.
After gaining notoriety for his incisive knowledge about Chicago, Hirsch would embrace the role of bringing the history of New Orleans to its people just as passionately. Under Hirsch’s leadership, the Midlo Center for New Orleans Studies sponsored a robust lecture series covering topics in New Orleans history ranging from the state of education during the time of Thomas Jefferson to George Porter Jr. offering insight on how to “Funkify Your Life.” The series resulted from Hirsch’s decision to open up a University of New Orleans class on New Orleans history to the public. Hirsch became aware of a spike in hunger for local history after Hurricane Katrina. He met that interest by sharing the knowledge that was in demand.
The success of the lecture series led to a partnership with the Louisiana State Museum to hold a monthly public lecture at the Cabildo. Hirsch was also involved in the collection of oral histories, including that of Ernest N. “Dutch” Morial, the first African-American mayor of New Orleans.
Years later, Hirsch’s influence on defining the Midlo Center’s role in democratizing history is clearly evident.
Freedom on the Move is a project that aims to digitize 100,000 fugitive slave advertisements published in American newspapers through the end of the Civil War. Mitchell is one of three lead researchers on this project. The goal is to create the single richest source of data possible for understanding the lives of enslaved people and making it accessible to all who seek it, especially educators.
New Orleans Historical is a free app for sharing stories and scholarship about the history of New Orleans and the surrounding area. It was created through a partnership involving the Midlo Center and Tulane University’s communications department. Information about historical sites and events is curated by university researchers and presented to app users as a story about a topic of interest or as a list of significant locations that together form a tour.
In late 2016, the Midlo Center for New Orleans Studies marked its 25th anniversary with a special program devoted to the local legacies of the 1838 sale of 272 enslaved people by the leaders of Georgetown University to purchasers in Louisiana. "Sold South: Tracing a Jesuit Slave Community from Maryland to Louisiana" brought together two descendants who had recently learned the details about their slave ancestors with Adam Rothman, professor of history at Georgetown and member of Georgetown's Working Group on Slavery, Memory and Reconciliation.
“When we evaluate projects to determine whether the Midlo Center should have a role, we always have Arnie and his goals in mind,” Atkinson said.